Hezbollah Singes Samson's Locks 22 August 2006 http://www.uruknet.info/?p=25986
Compounding Ankara's dilemma is that it is not only facing the ire of the Assad regime, and Syrian Alawites today, but also the increasing resentment and anger against Turkey among the Middle East's Shiites, who look on the Erdoğan government as one of the principle sponsors of the armed Sunni-led resistance by the Syrian opposition.
Ankara unhappy at Jabhat al-Nusra as a terrorist organization
The Syrian crisis was quickly allied to the geopolitical interests of the United States against Russia and Asia. The unshakeable goal of the United States is to change the Syrian regime, break up Syria- Iran alliance and maintain its leading role in the Middle East.
Changing the regime of a sovereign country by external force has been the consistent foreign practice of the United States since the Cold War ended. The process will be cruel to Syrian people and the consequence will be calamitous to the state and even the world peace.
Yevgeni Primakov on the Conflict
Turkey ratified the 1951 Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees with a provision that allows them the option only to apply refugee status only to people who have fled Europe. Turkey claims it has no international obligation under the Geneva Convention to provide refugee status to Syrians, and therefore, has no obligation to grant them permanent residency in Turkey, only in another country.
But according to the August 2011 Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network report, providing full protection to the Syrians seeking asylum in Turkey is "not only a humanitarian imperative but a legal obligation under international refugee law and international human rights law".
Refugees fleeing the violence in Syria mainly enter Turkey through official border crossings and register with the Turkish authorities before being sent into a camp. Once they enter the camps, Syrians effectively have no access to UN refugee assistance since they are rarely allowed to travel far from the camp perimeter. This gives them no real possibility of travelling to UN refugee agency offices in the cities of Ankara or Van, both far away, to file for asylum status.
One exception to this rule has been for Free Syrian Army (FSA) members living in the soldiers' camp in Reyhanli (where the blowback has already begun). Not only have FSA members received permission to leave their camp, but the Turkish government has reportedly provided large sums of money for non-essential surgeries they would not have been able to afford in Syria, according to doctors we spoke with.
Some Syrian activists, as well as other dissident soldiers in Hatay's capital, Antakya, believe payments for these surgeries are being used as a form of bribery. One defector, a former officer in Assad's army, said he thought the Turkish government was paying off people to silence them for fear they would return back to Syria and spread politically damaging information, including the full story of the treatment of refugees in the camps.
A conversation with Mithat Can - one of the most prominent human-rights activists in Antakya and a man with the power to affect aid flowing into the camps - drove home just how much old enmities are affecting the way supposed advocates are dealing with needy refugees.
Can, an Alawite, bluntly said: "There is no war in Syria. The conflict in Syria," he said, "is not between the government and the people." According to him, there is an international imperialist plot by "Western gods" to remake the Middle East. He also claimed that the Syrian army was not targeting citizens at all, stating that the turmoil in the country stemmed from the fact that the Syrian government would not allow foreign intervention alter the political and economic landscape of the region.
Can, whose formal job is to help refugees file for asylum with the UN but whose opinion holds sway over local donors on whose aid refugees depend, stated that he believed that the news coming out of Syria was baseless Israeli and American propaganda and that the Syrian people were "actually okay". This is the other version opposite of what CNN BBC, Al Jazeera dole out.
THE ALEVIS OF ANATOLIA